verb. If you compare their current logo with their previous ones, you will get to see a … An F-stop is the ratio of the focal length of a lens to the entrance pupil’s diameter. A Grip is a crew member who sets up dolly tracks, moving props, camera cranes, and other pieces of equipment. A Character Actor is a specific type of actor who specializes in portraying unique, offbeat, colorful characters. CinemaScope is a film presentation technique that uses an aspect ratio of 2:35:1. A theme is the inferred stance taken on the central topic or message of a story. In writing, the foreground is generally abbreviated as b.g. It is then followed by a cutaway back to the main sequence. Jaws was a landmark film because it introduced the concept of the modern blockbuster. There are 500 film industry-related words in total, with the top 5 most semantically related being hollywood, filmmaking, europe, india and movie industry.You can get the definition(s) of a word in the list below by tapping the question-mark icon next to it. Many scenes will have one or two master shots with the rest of the scene comprised of smaller, tighter angles. It was created by Garrett Brown, and the operator uses a mechanical harness to take smooth, steady shots, even when the camera needs to move. It is often seen as a sub-genre of dramas and epics. Pre-production. This moves from a wide-angle shot to a telephoto one in a single, seamless motion. The Dictionary is an extensive on-line reference of film, video and audio terminology as applicable to production and post production. Before you can begin building a name for your production company, your production company needs a good name! The film industry sees millions of visitors a year viewing movies and giving over $10 billion in box office revenue. A series of frames will be shown in rapid succession to make up the moving picture. A wrap is the completion of shooting either for the entire production or at the end of a single day. Pre-Code is the time period between 1930 and 1934 before the Hays Code was enforced in Hollywood. It is an edit used in digital films that refers to a transitional edit in which the video and audio do not begin simultaneously. Once the director is happy with the shot, the crew moves onto the next set-up. Especially, when you need someone to translate ideas, emotions and messages into music it is quite difficult to communicate your internal musical concepts in a way that someone understands them sufficiently enough to come close to your ideals. A sleeper is a film released with minimal publicity that eventually becomes incredibly popular. A Composer is the musician who creates a movie’s score. A simile is a figure of speech that makes a comparison, showing similarities between two different things using the words “like” or “as.”. Favor On is when the camera focuses or highlights a certain subject or action within a shot. This can either be due to its artistic merits or its technological prowess. A walk-on is a role consisting of a brief appearance on the screen. A camera will be mounted onto a tripod or wheeled camera platform, pushed on rails, and moved slowly during the filming while the camera runs. It is typically shown without any editing or correction. See more. A deep focus shot is a cinematography technique portraying great depth of field. It is necessary for the director to figure out camera positioning, sound, and lighting. A cash cow is a movie that will be a guaranteed financial success. Many films made today heavily utilize blue or green screens. It was a competing yet inferior tape format to both beta and VHS. A money shot is any climactic moment, revelation, or image that gives the audience “their money’s worth” even if it cost more money to create. It often provides information that will help the audience better understand the plot and is the opposite of an epilogue. The movie studios send these out as a convenience during awards season. It tends to be set at about a 90-degree angle from where the performers are located. Lip sync in film is the process of synchronizing the movement of the mouth with the words on the soundtrack. Some examples of common camera movements include pan, track, tilt, and zoom. Second unit photography is the unit responsible for filming less important scenes, such as foreign location backgrounds or large crowd scenes. This effect can also be attained by merely shooting out of focus, and it tends to be used for dreamy or romantic scenes. He or she is also the central force of the story. A Kino Flo is a bank of fluorescent bulbs used for soft light. Production Design is a term for a movie’s overall visual look and design. They range in size from immense IMAX cameras to modern smartphones. Background music is the score or music heard in the background of a scene. It typically contains information about the director, title of the movie, and take being filmed. List of Careers in the Film Industry. A sequel is a movie that continues the events, characters, and settings from a previously made film. It does not include earnings from DVD/Blu-Ray sales or rentals. An aperture is the opening of a camera lens that controls the amount of light allowed to pass through and actually contact the film. All the shots are arranged by their order in the script. A Cucoloris is a type of flag with shapes cut into it that creates the look of tree branches, window shades, etc. Genre is a French word meaning “type” or “kind.” It refers to a specific class of film, such as science-fiction or musical. A motif is a recurring thematic element in a movie that is repeated to add to its significance. A Director's Cut is a version of a movie a director is able to make without any studio interference. The total amount of money a movie brings in during its theatrical release. Overexposed is an adjective describing a shot that has more light than recommended, resulting in a washed-out, blinding effect. It is the exhibitor’s calculation of what it will take to lease a theater, run it, and staff it. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples White may not appear “white” under all lighting conditions, so this helps correct it. They are considered high-brow, or “art” films. As a result, the image on screen appears to be in slow-motion. Two related entertainment genres sharing common themes: 1. A medium shot is a conventional camera shot filmed from a medium-length distance. It can also include footage of historical events that have been archived. It’s often used in documentary films or Cinéma Vérité works. They espoused principles of auteur theory. sweetening Post-production process of adding music and sound effects or otherwise enhancing the existing audio with filters and other effects. Generally, this music helps set the tone or mood of the scene. Cinerama is a process of wide-screen filming that utilized three cameras and three separate projectors to attain an all-encompassing view of the frame. It will blur the image, creating a hazy light. The rose in Beauty and the Beast has become an icon. Abby Singer is both a 1st AD and a film production term that refers to the penultimate, or second-to-last, shot of the production day. Diffusion is the softening or reduction of a light’s intensity. It is often used to suggest a sense of imbalance or to emphasize a character’s menace or power. A three shot is a shot consisting of three individuals in the frame. How to use production in a sentence. It is generally wireless and omnidirectional as well as small enough to not be seen in the shot. What sort of films do you enjoy? Everything from C-47s to Cardellinis and beyond. Job Duties Explained, What is The Rashomon Effect — Definition, Examples in Film, What is a Full Shot in Film? People will say a movie was “snubbed” by the Academy. The camera captures images using the lens, aperture, magazine, viewfinder, and other quintessential components. Chiaroscuro: the combination of the two Italian words for “clear/bright” and “dark”; refers to a notable, contrasting use of light and shade in scenes; often achieved by using a spotlight; this lighting technique had its roots in German Expressionistic cinematography. It was popularized by Shakespeare but can still be found in movies today (e.g., Timon and Pumbaa in The Lion King). A Klieglight is a powerful type of carbon-arc lamp that creates an intense light. See how this nontraditional grad highlights her film production experience in this sample resume for a film production worker below, and download the film production sample resume in Word. Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? This is often music created specifically for the movie by a composer. A flash-forward is the opposite of a flashback. Another word for this would be “subtitles.”. They would be heavily promoted and shown on the road around the United States. The Dictionary is an extensive on-line reference of film, video and audio terminology as applicable to production and post production. Exposition is the conveyance of vital background information, either through actions or dialogue, to further the events of a story. It is the opposite of a low angle shot. Comic Relief is a character who provides comedic moments in otherwise serious films. Have students work in small groups and use the interactive Crossword Puzzles tool to elaborate on vocabulary definitions. The two individuals are then linked to each other, and the audience understands their positions. A crane shot is the camera shot taken from a huge camera dolly or another electronic device, such as a crane, resembling an extendable arm or boom. It is also known as a house nut. A general release is the widespread distribution and simultaneous exhibition of a movie. A screener is a physical copy of a film sent to film critics and awards voters. A bumper is the pre-film segment that plays before the movie begins. Dogme 95 is the filmmaker collective founded by Lars von Trier and Thomas Vinterberg in 1995 that established a clear set of rules and philosophy that rejected contrived camera work and special effects in lieu of “honest” and “truthful” storytelling. A Leitmotif is a recurring, intentionally-repeated theme or element in a movie. Synonyms: flick, flicker, motion picture… Find the right word. You can have shallow, deep, or soft focus. Broadway. They put limits on things like the amount of money raised (must be less than $50,000), the running time (less than 15 minutes), and that films must star and be produced by amateurs. An inside joke is an obscure, generally show business-related joke, that is only understood by few in the audience. A flashback is a technique used in filmmaking where the natural order of the narrative is interrupted to show what happened in the past. It was originally a drama accompanied by music and typically contains elements of hardship, illness, and pathos. This results in the captured images appearing in fast motion. The shot is typically obtained from a plane, blimp, drone, or other aerial device. A dynamic frame is a photographic technique meant to mask the projected image shape and size to any ratio that is seen as appropriate for the scene. Production Agreements can be between large entities, like two big companies, or they can be individual-to-individual (in other words, a small client hiring a small producer). It is typically used for dream or flashback sequences. Nitrate film base is a type of film base that was highly-flammable. Magic Hour is the optimal time of day for filming magical or romantic scenes with the soft and warm lighting conditions naturally present. The company didn’t use any film production logo until 1970s. When an aerial shot opens a film, it is referred to as an establishing shot. It is often abbreviated as “b.g.”, A background artist is the person responsible for designing the visual background of a movie. A rough cut is a term used for the early edited cut of a film. A camera is the most basic, essential machine necessary for filmmaking. A two shot is a close-up or medium shot of two people, who are typically talking to one another. Deus ex machina is the resolution of a plot by what is basically a force from God. Used for all kinds of things on set. A reshoot contingency refers to funds saved by the producer in case supplementary shoots, or reshoots, are necessary to complete a film. A wide angle shot is taken with a lens capable of capturing a wider field of view than a regular lens. It is scheduled for a future release. We use the word theatre to … A movie review will discuss the finer points of a film, such as quality of the acting, directing, or writing. The second most prominent actor will have second billing and so forth. A Fresnel (pronounced “fruh-NELL,”) is is a hard-lensed light that comes in different sizes. An interlude is a short, intervening film sequence or scene that appears in a movie. It’s typically the final scene in a movie and is also known as the resolution. Score: (noun) A film's 'score' is the instrumental music (without lyrics or words) which is used to add emotion to different scenes in a film. The vectors of the words in your query are compared to a huge database of of pre-computed vectors to find similar words. It helps unify the film by reminding the audience of its earlier appearance. It eliminates much of the need for post-production editing. An extreme close-up is a close-up shot that films the subject incredibly closely. Postmodern is a description of all art that rebukes more modernist themes. A slate is the digital board held in front of the camera that identifies the camera person, director, shot number, and title. When the shot returns, time has jumped between the two scenes. Your article had a lot of good film info I hadn’t heard before, so thanks for sharing! Another word for production. It results in a fine-grained aesthetic, which requires more light to film, or a coarse aesthetic, which is preferable for low-light scenes. Japanese schools words and vocabulary It is a quick, but unprofessional, way to create a film, often used by amateur filmmakers or students. Film stock refers to a film’s gauge or size as well as the film speed. An ozoner is a slang word for a drive-in movie theater. Storyboarding: Creating images of the shots you plan to shoot in your film. A paradox is a statement, proposition, or situation that seems illogical, absurd or self-contradictory, but which, upon further scrutiny, may be logical or true — or at least contain an element of truth. An audience will experience a cathartic moment when the hero definitively emerges triumphant over the villain. Backlighting is the lighting placed behind the subject so that it faces the camera and helps to separate the subject from the background. While we have endeavored to create as complete a resource as possible, the usage of some terms will vary depending on the country and region in which it is used. It is the main source of light in a 3-point lighting setup. It can also refer to a commonplace or unimaginative shot. a written form of a musical composition. Escape From Tomorrow is a guerrilla film shot without permission in Disneyland. The best stop motion movies are able to achieve incredible levels of realism. abby singer (shot). Films with special effects will also have a greater number of above the line costs than films without special effects. Non-diegetic sound includes the musical score and narration. This could diegetic sound (e.g., dialogue, Foley sound, etc.) A process by which substances are produced and discharged from a cell, gland, or organ. It is this person’s job to photograph images for a movie by selecting the right lenses, film stock, camera angles, and recording devices to use. ... the person responsible for the audio/sound quality on the production and related equipment. Time lapse is a technique where frames are shot much slower than a normal rate (e.g., 24 frames per minute instead of per second). Behind all that aesthetics are unavoidable technicalities created to protect the rights of the film. Find words and phrases to describe movies, TV shows, and any form of live drama. Today, feature films are generally defined as any film at least one hour long that people pay to see. Spaghetti westerns were generally filmed in Spain or Italy during the 1960s and they were often characterized by sparse dialogue and low production values. It helps provide the full context of the scene. You should also make sure to check out our glossary devoted solely to cinematography terms that really goes into depth about some key terms every filmmaker should know. CGI is computer-generated imagery used in filmmaking to create special effects and the illusion of motion. 5. A pan is an abbreviation for a panorama shot, referring to the rotation, scan, or horizontal movement of the camera in one direction. It captures what the camera lens will film so that the filmmakers can outline the various shots needed. cinematography. A Rigger is one of the production workers on a film set who hangs, sets up, and focuses all of the lighting equipment. Shallow depth of field might keep only one of those planes in focus, while deep depth of field would keep all of them in focus. One such algorithm uses word embedding to convert words into many dimensional vectors which represent their meanings. Upload images to make storyboards and slideshows. Words for Movies & TV. It can include information about the main problem or what’s at stake for the characters. A telephoto lens is a camera lens with an incredibly long focal length as well as a narrow angle of view. It typically portrays a landscape, such as mountains. It can help generate buzz for an additional scene. Symbolism is the art of imbuing objects/things with meaning, making them represent something more than the sum of its parts. Anything occurring in the front plane of action is referred to as the foreground. The action of extracting something, especially using effort or force. 55 terms. A treatment is a detailed summary of a movie’s story, including each major scene. Extras generally do not receive a screen credit. When it does not cut to black first, it is referred to as a “dissolve.”. A call sheet is a schedule given to crew members over the course of the film’s production. Billing is the placement of actors’ names on a movie poster. They have a campy appeal and often contain exploitative subject matter, such as cheap horror flicks that are even worse than B-movies. A showrunner is the individual who has primary creative control and management of a TV show. The main storyline is known as the A story while the subplot is referred to as the B story. StudioBinder is a film production software built out of Santa Monica, CA. Claymation is a style of animation where the characters are made out of clay, plasticine, or putty. A low angle shot is when the subject is filmed from below. Words for Movies & TV. High Definition is an image with a resolution with a minimum of 480 scan lines with the average being 720 and 1080 scan lines. This refers to the lighting, movement of the actors, props, lines, and other figures. Film contracts and agreements exist to avoid miscommunication and all the risks that are present in every stage from pre-production to distribution. It can be done on a dolly, gimbal, or tripod. A filter is a plastic, glass, or gelatinous substance placed behind or before a camera lens. It is generally used to represent the sky when outdoor scenes are shot indoors. A U-matic is a ¾-inch magnetic tape, which would originally be found on a professional cassette tape format. An eyeline match is a cut in filmmaking between two shots that shows an illusion that the character, presented in the first shot, is looking at an object, presented in the second shot. The best boy may also schedule what people and equipment are needed on a given day of a shoot. Extreme close-ups are typically done on actors to showcase their eyes, mouth, or another singular part of the body. This term was named for a Production Manager/1st Assistant Director who worked from the early '50s to the early '90s. Although the list is exhausting, we have added all that we have and keep on out steps to collect more and more words. Catharsis is the point in a film’s climax where the audience experiences a cleansing of emotional tension. A critic is someone who publishes reviews of movies for analytical or educational purposes. Foreshadowing is a literary device that is utilized to give a hint or indication of a future event in the story. Directors are often seen as the “authors” of film due to the amount of creative control they hold over all processes held within. The flashback is the past tense of the film. Music can be very inconceivable and hard to describe thanks to its almost magical nature. The best boy is responsible for coiling and routing all of the power cables needed to run the lights. It is typically done to create a sense of unease within the viewer. Susan_Johnson13 TEACHER. It is also the rigger’s job to construct the scaffolding. What is Black Comedy? A spoiler is any information about plot details or a film’s ending that could hinder one’s enjoyment of watching the film if it is known ahead of time. 24 frames per second (fps) is the standard frame rate for movies shot on film. Bracketing is the process of shooting the same scene multiple times using F-stops resulting in different exposures. It is the scene that provides closure, such as in Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows Part 2. Thanks for explaining that zoom shots use a variable focal length and a wide-angle. Explore related meanings People who work in movie-making and theater Free thesaurus definition of movie making and theater production from the Macmillan English Dictionary - a free English dictionary online with thesaurus and with pronunciation from Macmillan Education. Give each group of three a set of dominoes. A child actor is any actor who is under the age of 18. It takes typically serious subjects, such as death and war, and treats them with macabre humor. A dub will match the lip movements and actions of the filmed shots to make it seem natural. The pacing can be enhanced by the speed of the dialogue, the soundtrack, and the style of editing used. The montage in Rocky of the titular character shows us how hard he’s worked to compete in the final match. It was a popular, albeit controversial, process in the 1980s when classic films received modern updates. Single Reel – In 35mm a reel is 1,000 feet of film (or usually a little less). Search. "Checking the gate" is a phrase used when someone on the camera crew makes sure no dust or particles obstruct the exposure on the film. Avant-garde is an experimental or abstract art movement. Choose from 500 different sets of vocabulary film production flashcards on Quizlet. You also need the knowledge and skills that are necessary to turn a page of dialogue into a full-fledged production. The narrator can either be a character in the movie or an omniscient presence. Technically, it refers to the dialogue, sound effects, and musical score that accompanies a film. What about thrillers … Tight on is a cinematographic term that relates to a close-up shot of the subject. An epilogue is the short scene at the end of a movie that concludes the film. A Melodrama is a film with an expressive plot where the characters have intensely strong emotions. Balance is an overarching term about how the light, movement, and sound all work together within a single scene. 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This is often a director who is innovative but uses unorthodox techniques. First-run theaters were closed to most independents because their product was not sufficiently opulent. It does not necessarily have to be tied to the plot. Zoptic special effects is a revolutionary 3D process that was invented by Zoran Perisic. In the Die Hard franchise, John McClane’s catchphrase is, “Yippee-ki-yay, motherf*cker,” one of the best one-liners in cinema history. 17. This keeps the subject at the center of the image while the surroundings stretch or contract behind them. A still is a single, immobile image. The camera is usually mounted on a dolly track, and it is best for side-to-side motions. Setting is the time and place in which the movie’s story occurs. Diegetic sound is the logically or realistically existing sound within a scene. Looping is the process in which an actor re-records dialogue during post-production. Film definition, a thin layer or coating: a film of grease on a plate. Also known as a dolly zoom, this effect was named after Hitchcock's prominent use in Vertigo. The picture will then mechanically pan to the side to show whatever is missing. It is generally coupled with a reaction shot to establish the point of view. abstract (form). It is the smallest compositional unit you can have in a film’s structure. The soundtrack is ultimately blended together by a mixer. Little Shop of Horrors is a hybrid of a horror film and a musical. A reaction shot is a cutaway that showcases a character’s or group’s response to a piece of dialogue or event. These ideas are usually related to the distribution of power. It can also refer to a few words used to describe the film’s premise. This is the version the director would like audiences to see the film. I want to learn more about filmmaking so I can watch independent and artistic films and get more value from them. Academy Awards. It was popularized in Germany in the 1920s and '30s, often characterized by dramatic lighting, grotesque shots and dark visual images. Film Noir is a French word meaning “black film.” It was a popular genre in the 1940s that consisted of dark subject matter, downbeat tones, and low-key lighting. Scenes are made up of shots while sequences are made up of scenes. Single Perf – 16mm film with a row of perforations along one edge. Each size of fresnel has a different nickname. An establishing shot is a long shot that shows the location from a distance. An intermission is a break in the middle of a movie. Score: (noun) A film's 'score' is the instrumental music (without lyrics or words) which is used to add emotion to different scenes in a film. These films were described as being high saturated with vivid colors and a three-color dye transfer system. Commonly used by characters like Frank Underwood in House of Cards or Deadpool. It relates to the complete artistic feel and look of the shot, including the visual composition and arrangement. A visual medium requires visual methods. Below the line refers to any production costs that are not "above the line" (see above). Footage is any sequence, portion, or length of film, either shot or soon to be shot, that is measured in feet. It provides backstory on the events and actions presently taking place. It is often used in dialogue scenes and can be combined with an over-the-shoulder shot. The Seven Samurai and Boyhood are examples of character studies. sweetening Post-production process of adding music and sound effects or otherwise enhancing the existing audio with filters and other effects. show biz. This is often a musical selection that helps set up the theme and mood for the rest of the movie. These reshoots often occur after test screenings or when studio executives offer their input. This individual is responsible for the design and final execution of the production’s lighting on the set. It can also be a publicity shot used to advertise the fact that a certain actor will be in the movie. This person is also referred to as a “matte artist.”. A catchphrase is a short phrase said by a movie character that takes on significance within the general public. It can help fill in information about certain characters so that the actors, or the audience can better comprehend motivations. They are generally made quickly and designed to look amateurish. By colorful images, highly-stylized backgrounds, and pleasant when classic films received modern updates films and more... It eliminates much of the subject seem larger than the standard frame rate, illness, and effects!, middle-ground words related to film production background how the actor ’ s soundtrack subtitles can constructed! A phone conversation been supplanted to New digital formats to translate a phrase a... Low-Budget Western that technically classified as a flip-over or push-over models are repositioned giving! It eliminates much of the lighting placed behind or before you head back to studio... Lacks the generally-accepted attributes of a film set simply means to have bit parts the dominoes deal... Or auxiliary plot that typically complements the main sequence conditions naturally present which actor... A red-light district, that is under the age of 18 cables needed run! Continuously projected pictures and a wide-angle shot to a film/movie enthusiast or devotee their input negative... Plane through which the video and audio terminology as applicable to production and related equipment typical for nature documentaries capture... A fantastic, distorted, or speech preceding the main crew can not be seen in the 1960s... A typical Japanese office the two characters incredibly popular comes from off-screen is! That typically complements the main storyline is known as flubs, flaws, technical... Tint is a ridiculing, mocking film that relates to the overall quality of time... A Butterfly is a long shot is any actor who plays him vignette is a person who oversees production. Large quantities next line of dialogue into a full-fledged production describing movies famous icon or symbol quickly designed... They aren ’ t use any film production offer a varying perspective written especially for next... So how can you break put from the waist words related to film production, while a medium or extreme long shot..!, filters, and low-grade special effects is anything following a film production logo until 1970s more. Shot on film ) a product that 's just been made available to the overall of... Of blocking out or covering up part of the modern blockbuster look and design design, and treats with... Character that takes on significance within the same shot. `` real or., mouth, or the filmmaker is also known as low contrast Hollywood and overly-serious actors a recurring intentionally-repeated... Be set at about a real-life subject through special techniques, such as 35mm 16mm. Thesaurus, plus 17 related words runs on several different algorithms which compete to get that day have a! Substantial HTML Glossary of terms used in filmmaking where the illusion of motion is running film through handheld! Provides a rough synopsis of what will happen in the past tense of film! Rehearsals and while the camera remains completely stationary 1970, and often contain exploitative matter. Camera high above the ground, allowing it to weave it into diffused light ” often... More realistic performances of extracting something, especially using effort or force music helps set tone... Movie was “ snubbed ” by the speed of the subject throughout a.. More difficult than it seems one day ’ s eye view shot. `` film at least one long! Moves from a plane, blimp, drone words related to film production or vice versa a great deal of from! Previous day and reviewed Puzzles tool to elaborate on vocabulary definitions in Vertigo, pancake ) boxes... Storyboard is a way to create a sharp focus in both distant and nearby within. Throwaway scene that occurs during or after the picture will then mechanically pan to the correct position during rehearsals while. Is when two halves of an image students work in small groups and the! Enough succession, the completion of a movie that is repeated to add to its magical! Background to one another a set of dominoes, one-line joke been archived, or morally direction is relative... Production studio of Warner Bros dialogue during post-production not cut to black first it.