[214] The state’s exports include footwear, leather goods, and sporting gear. Muslim Population in Uttar Pradesh is 3.85 Crore (19.26 percent) of total 19.98 Crore. In actual practice, Hindu society in generally used to be divided into numerous lineage groups called jatis. Each jati is then sub-divided into clans, called gotras. [24], Control over Gangetic plains region was of vital importance to the power and stability of all of India's major empires, including the Maurya (320–200 BC), Kushan (AD 100–250), Gupta (350–600), and Gurjara-Pratihara (650–1036) empires. List of all Tehsils in Mirzapur District of Uttar Pradesh. [199] The UPFC also provides working capital to existing units with a sound track record and to new units under a single window scheme. In 2001 the literacy rate in Uttar Pradesh stood at 56.27% overall, 67% for men and 43% for women. Sant Ravidas Nagar district of Uttar Pradesh has total population of 1578213 as per the Census 2011. Taj Mahotsav, held annually at Agra, is a colourful display of the culture of the Braj area. [143][144][145][146], Uttar Pradesh government is a democratically elected body in India with the Governor as its constitutional head and is appointed by the President of India for a five-year term. Uttar Pradesh is a state in the northern region of India. [41] In the 18th century, after the fall of Mughal authority, the power vacuum was filled by the Maratha Empire, in the mid-18th century, the Maratha army invaded the Uttar Pradesh region, which resulted in Rohillas losing control of Rohilkhand to the Maratha forces led by Raghunath Rao and Malharao Holkar. of peoples living below poverty line", "Uttar Pradesh Poverty, Growth & Inequality", "Press Note on Poverty Estimates, 2011-12", "Per Capita Income of Indian States 2019-20". In southern Purvanchal, Baghelkhandi (a form of Eastern Hindi) is the predominant dialect. The economy of Uttar Pradesh is the fifth-largest state economy in India with ₹17.94 lakh crore (US$250 billion) in gross domestic product and a per capita NSDP of ₹70,000 (US$980). [91] The dance form is connected to classical Hindustani music where the rhythmic nimbleness of the feet is accompanied by either Tabla or Pakhawaj. As of the 2011 census, Allahabad is the most populous district of Uttar Pradesh while Mahoba being the least populated. Greater Noida Cricket Stadium is another newly built international cricket stadium with a capacity of around 20,000 spectators. Some Uttar Pradesh schools, for example Delhi Public School (Noida), La Martinière Girls' College (Lucknow), and Step by Step School (Noida) have been ranked amongst the best schools in the country. Muslims of Uttar Pradesh have also been referred to as Hindustani Musalman. [136][137] The literacy rate for men is 79% and for women 59%. [20] For accurate caste population data in India, Government of India has not publicly released Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011 caste population data for every single non-SC/ST castes (General castes, OBC/EBCs) in India.[21][22][23][24][25]. [185] The blasts came a week after the Uttar Pradesh police and central security agencies busted Jaish-e-Mohammed terrorists who had planned to abduct Rahul Gandhi. In the Mughal era, Uttar Pradesh became the heartland of the empire. Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha), the lower house of the bicameral legislature. Also noteworthy is that Sikh and Hindu communities have very poor sex-ratios. [30][31] After fall of Pala empire, the Chero dynasty ruled from 12th century to 18th century. [150] Hitesh C. Awasthy is the current Director General of Police.[151]. [129] As per World Bank document (released on 2016), the pace of poverty reduction in the state has been slower than the rest of the country. Population by Religion in Uttar Pradesh Hinduism is the dominant religion in Uttar Pradesh, … [112], Uttar Pradesh has more metropolitan cities than any other state in India. Uttar Pradesh hosted modern educational institutions such as the Aligarh Muslim University, Banaras Hindu University and Darul Uloom Deoband. Uttar Pradesh was home to most of mainstream political entity that has existed in ancient and medieval India including Maurya Empire, Harsha Empire, Mughal Empire, Delhi Sultanate, Gupta Empire as well as many other empires. Although UP later became the fifth-largest state of India, NWPA was one of the smallest states of the British Indian empire. [148][162] The President of India appoints the chief justice of the High Court of the Uttar Pradesh judiciary on the advice of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of India as well as the Governor of Uttar Pradesh. As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Firozabad in 2011 is 604,214; of which male and female are 319,415 and 284,799 respectively. [23] The kingdom of Kosala, in the Mahajanapada era, was also located within the regional boundaries of modern-day Uttar Pradesh. [1] During the 11th five-year plan (2007–2012), the average gross state domestic product (GSDP) growth rate was 7.28%, lower than 15.5%, the average for all states of the country. The state’s name is Hindi for ‘northern state’ and its capital is Lucknow, in the west-central part of the state. The population of the state is spread across 18 divisions and 75 districts. [51] The high court continued to be at Allahabad, but a bench was established at Lucknow. Sweets occupy an important place in the Hindu diet and are eaten at social ceremonies. [138], Hindi is the official language of Uttar Pradesh and is spoken by the majority of the population (94.08%), although different regions have their own dialects. The council of ministers consists of Cabinet Ministers and Ministers of State (MoS). The Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands support cattle. Uttar Pradesh cabinet minister Siddharth Nath Singh said prison terms of up to five years were necessary to stop unlawful conversions and provide justice to women who have suffered from them. At the 2011 census of India, 79.7% of Uttar Pradesh population is Hindu. [202] According to a recent report of World Bank on Ease of Doing Business in India, Uttar Pradesh was ranked among the top 10 states and first among Northern states. It boasts 42 national highways, with a total length of 4,942 km (9.6% of the total NH length in India). [55] During the Quit India Movement of 1942, Ballia district overthrew the colonial authority and installed an independent administration under Chittu Pandey. Since much sunlight reaches the ground, shrubs and grasses are also abundant. Uttar Pradesh is India's most populous state. The Secretariat headed by the Chief Secretary assists the council of ministers. Ballia became known as "Baghi Ballia" (Rebel Ballia) for this significant role in India's independence movement. [253] Prestigious institutes like the Aligarh Muslim University, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology (Kanpur),[254] Indian Institute of Technology (BHU), the Indian Institute of Management (Lucknow), Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology (Allahabad), Indian Institute of Information Technology (Allahabad), Indian Institute of Information Technology (Lucknow), University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Kanpur, King George's Medical University, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University and the Harcourt Butler Technical University are known worldwide for their quality education and research in their respective fields. Out of which 807099 are males while 771114 are females. From 1991 to 2001 the population of the state grew by 26% and that is a pretty good number. Awadhi cuisine is from the city of Lucknow. In 2011 there were total 222403 families residing in Sant Ravidas Nagar district. In addition, the people of Uttar Pradesh speak a variety of local dialects of Hindi, which are not always easy to classify or identify. [220] A package of ₹260 billion (US$3.6 billion) was declared for the cities to develop service level improvement plan (SLIP), a plan for better functioning of the local urban bodies in the cities. [24] According to the Hindu legend, the divine king Rama of the Ramayana epic reigned in Ayodhya, the capital of Kosala. It is more populated than the world's 242 countries. [197], The Uttar Pradesh Financial Corporation (UPFC) was established in the year 1954 under the SFCs Act of 1951 mainly to develop small- and medium-scale industries in the state. Christian Population in Uttar Pradesh is 3.56 Lakhs (0.18 percent) of total 19.98 Crore. Population, decadal growth rate and net change of Uttar Pradesh from 1901 to 2011. [112] The Divisional Commissioner is an IAS officer of high seniority. The demographics of Uttar Pradesh is a complex topic, which is undergoing dynamic change. [186][187][188] Another blast occurred on 7 December 2010, the blast occurred at Sheetla Ghat in Varanasi in which more than 38 people were killed and several others injured. [276] A third of the rural population in the state has been deprived of primary healthcare infrastructure, according to the norms of the Indian Public Health Standards. E.g., the language of Allahabad is often classified today as Awadhi, but, its actually a mix of several surrounding dialects, including Awadhi and Bundelkhandi. Kathak, a classical dance form, owes its origin to the state of Uttar Pradesh. At the time of Indian independence movement in the early 20th century, there were three major princely states in Uttar Pradesh – Ramgadi, Rampur and Benares. The tomb is maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India. Karnataka (3.9 lakh), Uttar Pradesh (3.0 lakh), west Bengal (2.4 lakh) and Madhya Pradesh (2.0 lakh) are other states having large Buddhist population. The economy also benefits from the state's tourism industry. For Literacy rate, population aged 7 and above only is considered in India. A typical festive thali consists of Puri, Kachauri, sabji, pulav, papad, raita, salad and desserts (such as sewai or Kheer). [24] The aftermath of the Mahabharata yuddh is believed to have taken place in the area between the Upper Doab and Delhi, (in what was Kuru Mahajanapada), during the reign of the Pandava king Yudhishthira. [265] Vindhyachal is a Hindu pilgrimage site having the temple of Vindhyavasini. [12] It was created on 1 April 1937 as the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh during British rule, and was renamed Uttar Pradesh in 1950, giving it the acronym UP. The judiciary in the state consists of the Allahabad High Court in Allahabad, the Lucknow Bench of Allahabad High Court, district courts and session courts in each district or Sessions Division, and lower courts at the tehsil level. Tropical thorny forests, consisting of widely scattered thorny trees, mainly babool are mostly found in the southwestern parts of the state. [108] Many species are vulnerable to poaching despite regulation by the government. Kumbh Mela, organised in the month of Maagha (February—March), is a major festival held every twelve years in rotation at Allahabad on the river Ganges. Vrindavan is considered to be a holy place for Vaisnavism. "Total population by religious communities", "UP polls: Why is BJP hesitating in announcing its CM candidate? All India Radio is a public radio station. Uttar Pradesh has three World Heritage sites and ranks first tourist destinations in India. This list may not reflect recent changes (). Other prominent rivers are Gomti and Saryu. [6][7], Population count for each district (with percentages[i]) as per 2011 Census.[4]. An IPS officer in the rank of Inspector General of Police heads the zones, whereas an IPS officer of the rank of Deputy inspector general of police heads the ranges. The district court of Etawah and the district court of Kanpur Dehat) of the judiciary at Uttar Pradesh is controlled by the District Judge. Multi system operators provide a mix of Hindi, English, Bengali, Nepali and international channels via cable. Deoband Tehsil of Saharanpur district has total population of 514338 as per the Census 2011. [170] A data from Minister of Home Affairs (MHA) avers, Bareilly recorded the highest number of custodial death at 25, followed by Agra (21), Allahabad (19) and Varanasi (9). Uttar Pradesh contributed to the largest share of almost all communicable and noncommunicable disease deaths, including 48 per cent of all typhoid deaths (2014); 17 per cent of cancer deaths and 18 per cent of tuberculosis deaths (2015). Meerut is the sports capital of India and also a jewellery hub. [203], According to the Uttar Pradesh Budget Documents (2019–20), Uttar Pradesh’s debt burden is 29.8 per cent of the GSDP. This expressway is country's largest Greenfield Expressway which reduced the travel time between Lucknow and Agra from 6 hours to 3.30 hours. The forest cover in the state is 6.09% of the state's geographical area. [269] Smaller sub-centres, the first point of public contact, increased by no more than 2 per cent over the 25 years to 2015, a period when the population grew by more than 51 per cent. [200] In July 2012, due to financial constraints and directions from the state government, lending activities have been suspended except for State Government Schemes. Medicinal plants are found in the wild[95] and are also grown in plantations. [7] Uttar Pradesh has the largest scheduled caste population whereas scheduled tribes are less than 1 per cent of the total population. Islam is followed with majority in 1 out of 71 districts. Some prominent financial dailies like The Economic Times, Financial Express, Business Line, and Business Standard are widely circulated. The Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation was established in 1972 to provide economical, reliable, and comfortable transportation in the state with connecting services to adjoining states[229] and boasts as being the only State Transport Corporation that runs in profit in the entire nation. Bird sanctuaries in the state include Bakhira Sanctuary, National Chambal Sanctuary, Chandra Prabha Sanctuary, Hastinapur Sanctuary, Kaimoor Sanctuary, and Okhla Sanctuary. In 1803, following the Second Anglo-Maratha War, when the British East India Company defeated the Maratha Empire, much of the region came under British suzerainty. It is more populated than the world's 242 countries. [286][287], Diwali (celebrated between mid-October and mid-December) and Rama Navami are popular festivals in Uttar Pradesh. Azamgarh district of Uttar Pradesh has total population of 4613913 as per the Census 2011. [243] It can also boast of routinely having three or four players on the national side. [100] The most common birds which are found in the state are doves, peafowl, junglefowl, black partridges, house sparrows, songbirds, blue jays, parakeets, quails, bulbuls, comb ducks, kingfishers, woodpeckers, snipes, and parrots. [206] The 2011 census data on migration shows that nearly 14.4 million (14.7%) people had migrated out of Uttar Pradesh. [40] Akbar ruled from Agra and Fatehpur Sikri. [73] The Siwalik Range which forms the southern foothills of the Himalayas, slopes down into a boulder bed called 'bhadhar'. Kajari sung during the rainy season. [270] As on 2017, number of government hospital in rural and urban areas of Uttar Pradesh are 4442 (39104 beds) and 193 (37156 beds) respectively. At least 28 people were killed and as many as 101 others were injured. Two great epics of India, Ramayana and Mahabharata, appear to have been inspired by Uttar Pradesh. List of all Tehsils in Sant Ravidas Nagar District of Uttar Pradesh. It represents the cooking styles used in North India, especially Uttar Pradesh. Muslims are minority in Uttar Pradesh state forming 19.26% of total population. [240] Due to lack of organised patronage and requisite facilities, these sports survive mostly as individuals' hobbies or local competitive events. A Superintendent of Police, an IPS officer and assisted by the officers of the Uttar Pradesh Police Service, is entrusted with the responsibility of maintaining law and order and related issues in each district. [120][121], In 2011, state's cabinet ministers headed by the then Chief Minister Mayawati announced the separation of Uttar Pradesh into four different states of Purvanchal, Bundelkhand, Avadh Pradesh and Paschim Pradesh with twenty-eight, seven, twenty-three and seventeen districts, respectively, later the proposal was turned down when Akhilesh Yadav lead Samajwadi Party came to power in the 2012 election. [233], The state has two international airports located in Lucknow (Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport) and Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport in Varanasi. Total population of Himachal Pradesh as per 2011 census is 6,864,602 of which male and female are 3,481,873 and 3,382,729 respectively. INDUSTRIAL AREA DEVELOPMENT ACT – 1976 (U.P. Among the wide variety of fishes, the most common ones are mahaseer and trout. Among modern sports, field hockey is popular and Uttar Pradesh has produced some of the finest players in India, including Dhyan Chand and, more recently, Nitin Kumar[241] and Lalit Kumar Upadhyay. Food grain production in the state in 2014–15 stood at 47,773.4 thousand tonnes. 2,146 per sq mi. [10] President's rule has been imposed in Uttar Pradesh ten times since 1968, for different reasons and for a total of 1,700 days. [13][14][15][16] Yadavs form the single largest group amongst the OBCs, with around 20% population. ", "UP fails to improve human development index ranking in 27 years", "India Human Development Report report raps Gujarat, praises UP and Bihar", "At 23,219, UP reports highest number of road, rail accident", "An accident reported every two hours in UP: Fatal accidents in the state", "Uttar Pradesh blasts, RDX use confirmed", "Wiretap warning on Uttar Pradesh bombings went in vain", "GROSS STATE DOMESTIC PRODUCT BY ECONOMIC ACTIVITY (crore Rs) UTTAR PRADESH", "SMEs employ close to 40% of India's workforce, but contribute only 17% to GDP", "Noida-Greater Noida's world class infrastructure to be highlighted in UP Pravasi Diwas", "Details of financing & limits of accommodation", "A statement of the categories of documents that are held by the Corporation", "The budget allocated to each of its agency", "Private investment under Akhilesh government more than doubles", "10. [259] A large number of Indian scholars are educated at different universities in Uttar Pradesh. Confidence limits for the age are 85 (±11) and 72 (±8) thousand years ago. Other festivals are Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-ul-Adhaa/Bakreed, Vijayadashami, Makar Sankranti, Vasant Panchami, Ayudha Puja, Janmashtami, Sardhana Christian Fair, Maha Shivaratri, Mahavir Janma Kalyanak, Ayurved Jhansi Mahotsav, Bārah Wafāṭ, Chhath puja, Lucknow Mahotsav, Moharram, Kabob and Hanuman Jayanti.[290]. Inside view of the new airport terminal building. ... With a population of 200 million people, Uttar Pradesh is larger than Brazil. The conflict between Rohillas and Marathas came to an end on 18 December 1788 with the arrest of Ghulam Qadir, the grandson of Najeeb-ud-Daula, who was defeated by the Maratha general Mahadaji Scindia. [211][212] The state's per capita GSDP was ₹29,417 (US$410), lower than the national per capita GSDP of ₹60,972 (US$850). India is going to conduct it’s population counting marathon exercise in 2020 and data will be published in 2021. [278] There is a long literary and folk Hindi-language tradition in the state. Many communities have their own particular style of cuisines, such as the Jains, Kayasths and Muslims. [172][173] According to a research assembled by State Bank of India, Uttar Pradesh failed to improve its Human Development Index (HDI) ranking over a period of 27 years (1990-2017). [147] The leader of the party or coalition with a majority in the Legislative Assembly is appointed as the Chief Minister by the Governor, and the Council of Ministers are appointed by the Governor on the advice of the Chief Minister. Uttar Pradesh – World Bank Survey: India's top 10 states on the ease of doing business ranking – The Economic Times", "Finance commission asks Uttar Pradesh to bring down its debt burden", "What the 2011 census data on migration tells us", "Migrants seem to prefer neighbouring States for livelihood", "Only 5 states exceed 11th Plan growth targets: Govt: Ruled by CNBC TV18 News", "RBI releases Study on State Finances 2009-10", "Ministry of statistics and Program Implementation", "Small scale industries and other small trades", "UP, TN have most cell-phone users in India: TRAI", "UP has most cell phone users in India: TRAI", "Uttar Pradesh top in mobile penetration", "Uttar Pradesh size - Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT)", "total railway route length uttar pradesh", "North Central Railway-The Allahabad Division", "Equipment arrives for integrated security system", "Welcome :: U.P. 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